By Joel Warner
By Michael Roberts
By Alan Prendergast
By Michael Roberts
By Michael Roberts
By Amber Taufen
By Patricia Calhoun
By William Breathes
Former Cherry Hills Village developer Bill Wall has never lacked for chutzpah. Last year the unflappable socialite convinced a federal judge that taxpayers should pay two private attorneys to defend him on bank fraud charges--even though he continued to live in a Cherry Hills mansion and tool around town in a Mercedes. Now the government is trying to get its money back--in an unusual action that raises questions about how other fallen Colorado millionaires have gotten taxpayers to foot their legal bills.
The tax dollars Wall received came from the Criminal Justice Act, a measure approved by Congress to pay the defense costs of indigent federal defendants. Most people who can't afford their own lawyers receive public defenders. But in some instances, the public defender's office may have a conflict, or issues may be so complex that a judge determines a defendant is entitled to continue using a private attorney already working on the case.
Wall isn't the only high-flying local millionaire to have received CJA funds in the last two years. He is joined in the deadbeat club by former Silverado Banking CEO Michael R. Wise and convicted racketeer William R. Kennedy, Jr., both of whom also once made waves with their lavish lifestyles.
Kennedy, who bilked a fortune with a Ponzi scheme that stripped dozens of investors of millions of dollars, was recently convicted of racketeering, mail fraud and money laundering and sentenced to a minimum of twenty years in prison. Court records do not yet indicate how much taxpayers spent on his unsuccessful defense--or how much they will have to contribute to a second Kennedy trial that will take place later this year.
Those records do, however, provide detailed information on the public assistance given to Wise, who presided over the $1 billion collapse of Silverado and doled out millions in bad loans to his developer friends Bill Walters and Ken Good while living in a mansion near the Denver Country Club. Vouchers on file with the clerk of the court indicate that Wise's attorneys were paid just over $58,000 for successfully defending him against three bank fraud charges in 1992.
A judge approved the CJA payments to the law firm of Gary Lozow. Wise, who had been living in an $8,000-per-month Aspen chateau before being indicted, was evicted from the chateau for nonpayment of rent and filed for bankruptcy just as he went to trial for allegedly using $458,000 of bank money to remodel his home on High Street. The former Silverado chief, whose annual salary was in excess of $1.5 million during the S&L's go-go years, filed an affidavit with the court in which he claimed debts of $2.8 million and said he had only $900 in the bank.
Because of his alleged status as a pauper, Wise received the finest defense that taxpayers could buy. Rather than a public defender, he got the highly regarded Lozow, who had been his attorney before Wise's indictment. Lozow called in a $250-an-hour expert witness from Kansas to offer testimony on banking regulatory law; for his services, records show, Barkley Clark received $5,963. Other experts included Denver attorney Kevin J. Funnell, who received $2,682 for offering behind-the-scenes advice on the thrift industry. A private investigation firm was paid $992 for, among other things, assisting in a "mock cross-examination" for the defendant.
And as part of an unsuccessful effort to have the Wise trial moved out of town due to "prejudicial" pretrial publicity, Lozow even hired University of Colorado journalism professors Sue O'Brien and Frank L. Kaplan to "review press clippings" and offer opinions on the affect the news articles would have on Wise's right to a fair trial. O'Brien was paid $800 for eight hours of work; Kaplan got $332 at a rate of $95 per hour.
From Wise's perspective, the money allotted to experts--an outlay that came on top of the $58,000 in attorneys' expenses--was well spent. The former bank president, who continued to list an Aspen address during his trial and apparently still resides in the exclusive mountain community, was acquitted of all three criminal counts last February. He won't be going back into banking, however; he was banned from the industry as part of an earlier civil suit brought by the government.
Lozow, who portrayed his client as an underdog during the trial, says he doesn't believe that the amount of money spent on Wise's defense should be made public. "I don't think you give up your right to privacy just because you have court-appointed counsel," he says.
But records show that Wise wasn't the only country-clubber to run up a tab with the public. Bill Wall, convicted last August of masterminding a series of crooked bank loans used to finance the purchase of the Van Schaack & Co. real estate firm, underwent two separate trials last year. He paid his bills for the first trial, but then claimed to have run out of money. U.S. District Court Judge Edward Nottingham approved Wall's request for taxpayer assistance, and apparently in the interests of "continuity of representation," allowed him to continue using the same pair of Cherry Creek lawyers.
According to public records, those attorneys, Art Bosworth and Larry Kelly, received just over $38,000 for handling the second Wall trial. Bosworth and Kelly originally billed the court for $60,342, but Judge Nottingham reduced the payment after concluding that their high hourly rates in the first trial (Wall forked over $93,000) had contributed to their client's need for taxpayer assistance.