By Joel Warner
By Michael Roberts
By Alan Prendergast
By Michael Roberts
By Michael Roberts
By Amber Taufen
By Patricia Calhoun
By William Breathes
In legal matters involving disgruntled former teachers, the Catholic Archdiocese of Denver has won one and lost one. And the victory came when a judge ruled that the federal government couldn't intervene on a fired Machebeuf Catholic High School instructor's behalf without infringing on the Church's First Amendment religious freedoms.
The loser in that case was Dennis Powell, 65, who was fired by Machebeuf in 1993, reportedly because declining enrollment dictated a reduction in the size of the teaching staff ("Experience Not Needed," February 16). Powell sued Archbishop J. Francis Stafford and the Archdiocese in U.S. District Court, claiming that he and two other dismissed Machebeuf teachers (who chose not to join the suit) were victims of age discrimination. But on August 8, Judge Lewis T. Babcock dismissed Powell's complaint on the grounds that the court could not interfere in the dispute because of the "free exercise" clause of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Babcock ruled that the case veered too close to religious matters because Powell was a former priest who was teaching theology.
Powell is incensed by the ruling, in large part because he feels his termination had nothing to do with religion. "The Church has evaded its responsibility to its employees by taking refuge in the First Amendment," he contends. "It's continuing blissfully on its merry way while its disillusioned employees do not have a leg on which to stand."
Colleen Smith, a spokesperson for the Archdiocese, applauds Babcock's decision: "We obviously were pleased that the court saw fit to uphold our First Amendment rights," she says.
In his suit, O'Bryan charged that his 1990 contract as a teacher at Boulder's Sacred Heart of Jesus School was not renewed in retaliation for charges he levied against Father Tom Woerth, a Sacred Heart priest later reassigned by the Archdiocese after criticism by colleagues and parishioners. (Woerth could not be reached for comment.)
In January 1993 the Archdiocese asked the court to dismiss the suit on First Amendment grounds. Judge Morris Sandstead responded in August by tossing out eight of O'Bryan's claims, but he let two others specifically dealing with the teaching contract stand. A trial date subsequently was set for March 1995, but this past May, a week before two Archdiocese employees were to be deposed, a settlement offer was made--neither side will say by whom--and accepted. The specific dollar amount of the agreement, finalized on June 27, is confidential. But O'Bryan does say, "I'm happy it's been resolved. It's been a long, difficult and painful process."
Indeed, the case has roots that stretch back to 1987, when O'Bryan was hired to teach junior high social studies at Sacred Heart. He later was named director of adult, family growth and campus ministry programs at the school. In early 1990, however, O'Bryan and a handful of his peers accused Woerth of "bouts of unjustified rage and anger" and other abusive behavior toward employees, staff and parishioners, according to court papers. Woerth had been in the news before: In 1983, while assigned to St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Fort Collins, he resigned after being charged with assaulting an eighteen-year-old parishioner, allegedly because he didn't like the way she played the tambourine. (In 1984 Woerth was acquitted of any wrongdoing in the matter.) And in January 1990 Sacred Heart teacher Jan Cooper said she was fired after complaining that Woerth's dog was running loose on the school's playground.
According to the lawsuit, O'Bryan and three other Sacred Heart employees--including priests Tom Sherlock and Greg Ames--met in February 1990 with Reverend R. Walter Nickless, the vicar general and secretary for priests and seminarians for the Archdiocese, to voice concerns about Woerth. In his complaint, O'Bryan says he was worried about what his future would be at Sacred Heart if it became known that he had blown the whistle on Woerth. Nickless, the suit claims, reassured O'Bryan that his job was safe. But in early March, Woerth informed O'Bryan that he was eliminating his campus ministry position; O'Bryan could stay at Sacred Heart, the lawsuit claims Woerth said, if he took an elementary-level teaching job with an $8,000 pay cut. O'Bryan says he went to Nickless but received no tangible help. During the same period, Woerth fired Sherlock, as well as the school's cook.
A few months later an organization of parishioners called Concerned Catholics of Sacred Heart of Jesus threatened to stop donating money to the church until Woerth was removed. In August 1990 Woerth was reassigned. But that didn't save O'Bryan. Woerth's successor, Reverend Edward Madden, terminated O'Bryan for "insubordination" on September 20, eight days after taking over the parish.
"I didn't feel from the beginning that I was going to get any cooperation from the Archdiocese," O'Bryan says, but he adds that he wanted to resolve the situation without going to court. As a result, he wrote a letter to Stafford asking for his intervention. When that went unanswered, O'Bryan retained the services of Reverend William Logar, a Stockton, California, priest who was also a lawyer versed in canon law, the Church's internal legal system. In June 1991, the lawsuit claims, Logar asked J. Anthony McDaid, the Archdiocese's judicial vicar, to judge O'Bryan's complaint. According to the suit, McDaid rejected this petition because it allegedly was not in the proper form--and because a due process procedure stated that a plaintiff had to accept an advocate chosen by the Archdiocese, rather than picking one himself.