By Alan Prendergast
By Michael Roberts
By Michael Roberts
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By Patricia Calhoun
By William Breathes
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Robert Cunningham, who is white, remembers when the Ku Klux Klan burned a cross in his yard. Now he has launched a personal crusade: He wants to get fliers apologizing for slavery into the hands of all Colorado slave descendants.
"It's like building a field and getting two teams to play out in the cornfields of Iowa, whatever that movie was," says the 76-year-old. "It's a spiritual thing with me. It breaks the ice. It begins the dialogue between people."
If you can get the people together, that is. There aren't many black folks in Sterling, Colorado, population 12,000 or so. The Klan's most recent rally there was in 1994, and the town has little diversity. There used to be a healthy if small Hispanic population, but with the closing last fall of Sterling's major beef-packing plant, many Hispanics lost their jobs and moved elsewhere. Anna Hagemeier, curator of the Overland Trail Museum, says that for many years there was only one black family in town, a couple who had no children and have since died. The highest concentration of blacks can be found at Northeastern Junior College, where there are 27 black full-time students in a population of 980. According to college spokeswoman Pat Fox, most of these students are recruited from outside the immediate area.
For the last seven years, Cunningham has been a columnist for the weekly South Platte Sentinel, penning articles on everything from the unconstitutionality of Amendment 2 to the Pope's visit to Cuba ("The Pope and Fidel Castro are two of the last actors in a dying century's deadliest drama, the battle between God and a militant, state-sponsored atheistic humanism"). He even wrote about Mike Tyson, arguing that Tyson bit Evander Holyfield's ear because he had sustained a concussion earlier in the fight "which affected his brain function." He wrote that everyone in America, from Bill Clinton down, and especially members of the news media, should apologize to Iron Mike. He also helped institute an exchange program that brings students from Japan to study at Northeastern Junior College.
Cunningham's apology flier, which features an illustration of people of all colors holding hands, encourages people to be a part of the crusade by calling in or sending letters. His apology reads, in part: "The Chipman Cunningham College for Youth apologizes for slavery to all youth of slave descent: We're Sorry! And we apologize to all their families and friends. We share the shame of slavery at any time or any place in the human experience."
The Chipman Cunningham College for Youth is more concept than center of higher learning. It is two homes, side by side, that have been in Cunningham's family for more than 100 years.
"'Collegial' is a friendly discussion between two or more friendly parties, so 'college' is an effort to promote discussion," he explains. He hopes the "big house," a large brick home his grandfather built in the 1880s, will be a place where kids can come and learn about their heritage. The buildings are filled with artifacts from his travels, including a Turkish prayer rug and copperware from the Middle East. He even has an old KKK robe he bought, and a cross commemorates the one that burned in his front yard more than seventy years ago.
Cunningham's father, Jack, also a newspaperman, "was a Roman Catholic, Jesuit educated and, as a shanty Irishman, wouldn't sit still for the Klan. In a small Western plains community, that was three strikes against you," Cunningham says.
His mother, Ina Chipman, was raised a Southern Baptist by her father, Dr. Jacob C. Chipman, for years Sterling's only doctor. He disapproved of her plans to marry a Catholic, and she and Jack were forced to elope. "Back in the 1920s, you didn't marry outside your faith," Cunningham says. "It happened, but it was a bit of a scandal back in those days."
It also led to action by the Klan. "Back then there were no blacks in Sterling, and the Klan had it in for the Catholics," says Cunningham's brother Paul, a retired journalist living in Maryland.
One night, when the boys were alone in the house, the Klan left its calling card. "I remember looking out the window and seeing that cross burn," says Paul. "It stood out there for a few days, and then it was torn down." He was only three or four then, an age when "that stuff doesn't bother you. They didn't burn the house down."
Cunningham was even younger and doesn't remember the incident firsthand. "I didn't know about this until about the eighth grade," he says. "It wasn't something we discussed."
Yet it left its mark on the young man as he left Sterling for medical school in Denver and later went into the U.S. Navy. He served as chief medical officer aboard the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Palau during the opening moments of the Cold War. He and his shipmates crossed paths briefly with U.N. mediator Folke Bernadotte, the Swedish diplomat assigned to mediate relations between Palestinians and Israelis. Not long after, Bernadotte was assassinated. Evidence points to an Israeli assassin.