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Short and Sweet

A linguistís guide to Mexican nicknames.

Dear Mexican: I want to know why Mexicans have such incongruous nicknames. In English, people have nicknames that have some relation to their given names -- for example, Kenny is the nickname for Kenneth, and Jenny for Jennifer. Granted, there are some nicknames that seem like a stretch of logic, like Jack for John and Peg for Margaret, but there are none so incompatible as Pepe for José, Pancho for Francisco, and Chucho (or Chuy) for Jes√ļs. I have asked many Mexicans about this, and they all tell me, "Porque así es," so I finally decided to ask The Mexican.

La China Curiosa Who's Really Korean

Dear Chinita: The definitive study on this quirk remains Viola Waterhouse's "Mexican Spanish Nicknames," included in the 1981 anthology Linguistics Across Continents: Studies in Honor of Richard S. Pittman. Unfortunately, the ethnolinguist devotes most of her article to including as many seemingly wacky Mexican apodos as possible (some of the better ones mentioned are Goyo for Gregorio, Licha for Alicia, Nacho for Ignacio and Cuco for Refugio) instead of theorizing why Mexican Spanish is prone to such a mangled morphology. Waterhouse does identify one phenomenon that factors into many of these name changes: palatalization, when speakers pronounce non-palatal consonants as palatals -- for example, the transformation of sinto a chsound when Salvador becomes Chava. Other phonetical laws not mentioned by Waterhouse that influence Mexican Spanish nicknames include apocopation (the dropping of a word's last letters or syllables -- Caro for Carolina), apheresis (when a word loses syllables at its beginning -- Mando for Armando) and syncopation, when a word contracts by shedding sounds (that's how Roberto becomes Beto).

But the question remains: Why the dropping of sounds and letters in Mexican Spanish nicknames? This Mexican's take: Most nicknames derived from proper nombres are shortened versions of the original. Mexicans advance this process by employing the above-mentioned tricks. Such trends occur in languages that are evolving into newer, bolder tongues. So enjoy your pussy Billys from William and Cathys from Catherine, gabachos: Mexicans will take the linguistic wonder that is creating Lencho from Lorenzo any day.

Dear Mexican:Do Mexicans see Filipinos as chinos or as hybrid Latinos? After all, we have Spanish surnames, we're brown and Catholic, we have quinceañeras, and we started that grape strike that Mexicans get credit for.

Fabulous Little Island Person

Dear FLIP: Gracias for allowing the Mexican to set the record straight. American history classes teach that César Chavez and his United Farm Workers brought justice to farmworkers through boycotts and strikes in California's Central Valley in the 1960s. What they rarely mention is that Ch´vez and his followers first earned national prominence by joining an already existing grape huelga started by Filipino laborers. And what they never mention is that many of those Filipinos joined the UFW but eventually left due to perceived discrimination at the hands of the union's Mexican-majority leadership and members. And yep, FLIP, Filipinos are nothing more to Mexicans than chinos with tans.

 
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