By Susan Froyd
By Byron Graham
By Robin Edwards
By Bree Davies
By Josiah M. Hesse
By Bree Davies
By Susan Froyd
By Kate Gibbons
There's another big blockbuster show coming that's guaranteed to bring throngs of the great unwashed masses to the Denver Art Museum. They'll be drawn to the place by the one-two punch of Old Masters and Impressionists, whose paintings and drawings are being showcased in Inspiring Impressionism, opening this weekend.
Oh, I know, yawn, right? Wrong.
Inspiring Impressionism is not your run-of-the-mill effort in which a cavalcade of big-name European artists are represented by minor works. Instead, it's an intellectually stimulating exhibit crowded with iconic pieces by some of the most significant artists who ever took brush to canvas.
What makes Impressionism so popular with the general public are all those pretty pictures, and the tragic biographies of the artists behind the dreamy creations. What keeps scholars interested is Impressionism's place as a watershed moment in the history of art. Impressionism represents the culmination of the historic period styles of traditional art whose lineage can be traced directly back to the early Renaissance; at the same time, it's the first of the modern styles, leading invariably toward abstraction and beyond. This connection to modern art has been seen as Impressionism's most important quality. Lately, though, scholars and curators have become more interested in the relationship between Impressionism and the earlier styles, and that's the side of the coin on which Inspiring Impressionism comes down.
This traveling show was curated by the DAM's own Timothy Standring, the Gates Foundation curator of painting and sculpture, together with Ann Dumas, an independent curator based in London. There are any number of signature Standring devices here, notably the thematic organization of pieces — landscapes with landscapes, nudes with nudes, etc. — and the juxtapositions of different and often non-congruous styles seen cheek by jowl. Standring has used this same strategy on the sixth floor of the North Building, where I've long had problems with it. But his gimmicks work for Inspiring Impressionism, because the concept of Old Masters influencing Impressionists is not only open to his peculiar approach, it positively invites it.
There's no specific route through the unwieldy, multi-room Anschutz Gallery on level two of the Hamilton Building, but I tend to first go to the space at the left end, just off the entry, and then work my way through the rest of the spaces. (This is how I took in Radar and Artisans & Kings, the two previous shows in the Anschutz; it just seems to make sense to do it this way.) The intelligent installation of Inspiring Impressionism has been handled in such a way that viewers are forced to recognize the relationships that Standring and Dumas have laid out among several sets of separate pieces of widely different dates and from various points of origin. These comparisons inevitably lead viewers to make sensitive and insightful observations, because their conclusions have been built into the exhibit itself — not through wall-text didactics, but through the paintings or drawings.
In some cases, it's no more than a simple pairing — as with "Banquet Still Life," by Abraham van Beyeren, hanging next to Cézanne's "Still Life With Apples and Oranges." The relationship between the two paintings is broad and non-specific, with artists simply taking on similar subjects — in both pieces, fruit and serving vessels have been casually scattered across a table covered in wrinkled cloth — and doing monumental renditions of them. Though Cézanne clearly wasn't looking at the van Beyeren when he did his painting, it's also clear that van Beyeren's vantage point and even his context in the still-life tradition has been inherited by Cézanne.
The same kind of general comparison is demonstrated by a specific, and spectacular, quartet of landscape paintings hanging in the central space. On the left are two by Claude Lorrain, "The Rest on the Flight Into Egypt" and "Landscape With Cowherd Piping," both dating to the seventeenth century, and on the right, "Mont Sainte-Victoire," by Cézanne, and "Morning, Sunlight Effect, Eragny," by Camille Pissarro, from the nineteenth. In all four, the traditional conception of the landscape composition is employed, with the trees forming an ad hoc proscenium and the foreground standing in for a stage. The Cézanne, in particular, is so powerful that I was drawn directly to it by just a glimpse through a doorway, a couple of rooms away. The artist painted depictions of Mont Sainte-Victoire over and over again, and this particular version, from 1886-87, is an important one, older than most of the series. In it, Cézanne is moving away from a naturalistic perspective and toward a Cubist conception of the volumes in his picture. This approach is the first step toward abstraction, and Cézanne took it thirty years before Picasso did.
Most of the comparisons between the Old Masters and the Impressionists are done in a generalized way, with Standring and Dumas painting with a broad brush, so to speak. The newer paintings by the Impressionists are not copies or continuations of the paintings of the Old Masters, but are their aesthetic heirs. The exhibit does include some pieces that are intimately connected to each other, however, and that brings up the issue of copying.
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