Prill hypothesized that Andrade's involvement may have been an attempt to curry favor with ranking members of the Sureños, a powerful faction of a gang that originated in California prisons in the 1950s. The gang has a few cardinal rules, including this one: No homosexuals. The punishment for homosexuality is severe; it can mean death.

"In my experience and expertise on gangs, the allegations leveled against Andrade will bear tremendous issues within the world of Sureños," Prill wrote. "I clearly cannot offer an opinion as to Andrade's thought process in this murder. However, if the allegations that he had sex with a male are true, there is no doubt this homosexual violation, once it had occurred, was considered by Andrade in retrospect." News that he helped in a prison fight "may prolong the eventual discovery of his violation," Prill wrote, "or possibly (though unlikely) lessen the extent of his inevitable punishment."

Judge Kopcow did not allow Prill to testify at trial, despite prosecutors' wishes. Requests to speak to him for this story were not answered by the Greeley police.

Details

Related: Who was Angie Zapata? Her murderer's trial didn't tell the whole story.

For his part, Andrade hasn't claimed to be a Sureño. Court papers say he "does not concede that he is affiliated" with the gang. His lawyer would not comment, and Andrade didn't respond to a letter requesting an interview.

Did Andrade know that Angie was biologically male long before he killed her?

Prosecutors and the jury say he did. Andrade's lawyers say he didn't.

The prosecution argued that Andrade was a homophobic killer who knew for some time — hours, maybe even days — that Angie was transgender. But Andrade's attorneys say that doesn't make sense. If he was homophobic, why would he spend three days with a transgender person? Why would he sleep in her apartment? Buy beer with her? Why would he text and call her nearly 700 times if he was disgusted by who she was?

They claim that Andrade thought Angie was a woman and that he "snapped" on July 16 after figuring out she wasn't. Andrade told police he became suspicious of Angie's true gender after seeing photos in her apartment and confronted her about it that night. When she answered, "I am all woman," he grabbed her crotch and felt a penis. "Allen flew into an uncontrollable rage," defense attorney Bradley Martin said at trial. "Allen had no idea until right before he started hitting Justin that this person he thought was a she was actually a he."

Angie's friends and family believe she had to have told Andrade the truth. Though none of them were privy to conversations between Andrade and Angie — and Angie's cell phone, which would have stored all of their texts, was never found — they say that she was always open about who she was.

Friend Felecia Luna says Angie would often talk to guys over the phone before meeting them — and she'd be sure to tell them she was transgender. "Sometimes she'd make them guess, and most of them would guess it," Luna says. "A lot of guys were okay with it. She'd be like, 'I told this guy I'm a guy,' and they'd be like, 'It's okay. You're beautiful'.... And she'd meet them and start a relationship if they wanted to."

Her brother, Gonzalo Zapata, recalls that his sister was honest with a co-worker of his when she came to visit him. She teased the co-worker about asking her brother, who is gay, on a date and then added, jokingly, "I'm his brother, and if you do anything to hurt him, I'll kick your ass."

Angie's mentor, Kitty DeLeon, can think of another reason why Andrade almost certainly knew Angie was biologically male long before he killed her. "She was a teenager, you know?" DeLeon says. "She has hormones racing like crazy, so don't tell me he didn't notice for two days that she probably got a hard-on somewhere."

Prosecutors Miller and Deputy District Attorney Brandi Nieto relied on more concrete evidence at trial. For example, Andrade went to court with Angie the day before her murder, where he heard a court clerk call her traffic-ticket case as "City of Greeley versus Justin Zapata," which was still her legal name.

"All evidence indicates Angie was up front with who she was," Miller said at trial.

Did Andrade and Angie have sexual contact?

Andrade's lawyers say yes. Prosecutors say it's doubtful.

Andrade's lawyers say circumstantial evidence — and common sense — suggests that the two had sexual contact: There's only one reason people spend the night together, public defender Annette Kundelius said at trial. But the physical evidence doesn't prove it. Instead, it leads to the conclusion that they had sex only with themselves.

A pink vibrator found in Angie's apartment was covered with oodles of Andrade's DNA — and only Andrade's DNA. In fact, there was so much DNA that an expert testified that it had to have come from a DNA-rich source, such as blood, semen or vaginal secretions. But none of those substances was found on the vibrator, the expert said. When pressed, she said the abundant DNA could have come from inside the anus.

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