Why not promote the use of proper Spanish?

Dear Mexican: I'm a Spanish court interpreter in Santa Bárbara, California; I've also worked in Los Angeles courts. I just read your column regarding the promotion of the learning and practicing of English by Latinos in the United States. Generally, I agree with your view. But my question is, why can't we also promote the use and practice of PROPER SPANISH in this country? One only needs to take a stroll through the many Latino neighborhoods throughout California and witness the signage on businesses and non-profits alike, with awful misspellings and grammatical errors — or flip through the pages of community periodicals, or view the commercials on U.S. Spanish television, and see the same linguistic garbage!

But that is not the worst of it. What about the legions of "bilingual" service professionals who work in private and public agencies who speak and write substandard Spanish? Many of these "professionals" are just taken at their word when they assert that they grew up speaking Spanish, their bi-literacy never truly tested. Sadly, this is the case with most Chicanos, and even native Latinos who neglect their Spanish literacy in favor of awkwardly assimilating into a forced English. Their arguments for using improper Spanish are disingenuous: "Mexican immigrants won't get the big words," or "Sometimes, there aren't translations for big words or concepts." The fact is that these "professionals" project their own linguistic incompetence and intellectual indifference when they use Spanglish or other phonetic contrivance in dealing with the Spanish-speaking community. English is the only official language in the U.S. (something we are constantly reminded of), so our Spanish can only be based on something just as official. Why is Spanish not respected as an established foreign language? Why is it consistently dumbed down?

As a court interpreter, it's my duty to translate complicated legal terminology every day. It's unethical for me to lower the register and use words like tiquete, corte, probación and felonía, when the proper words are boleta de tránsito, tribunal, condena condicional and delito grave, respectively. Ninety-nine percent of the time, the public I work with understands and appreciates my formal usage. Such standards should apply to any field. I've come to realize that the human experience is universal: There is a veritable translation for everything! Moreover, it's actually impossible to direct a translation to a certain group or audience, as the only material that the translating agent has to work with is the source language, English. Walter Benjamin argues this point quite well in his essay "The Task of the Translator." Apart from the academic shortcomings, this practice also promotes a negative stereotype: Those dumb Mexicans are too illiterate to understand.

Finally, I must ask: Do Latino immigrants really need to learn to master English? Isn't it possible to create capital and business opportunities, to create communities, in a strictly Spanish-speaking context? Many major corporations already attempt to cater to our market, the largest ethnic group in the U.S. Other ethnicities do the same, don't they?

Hasta la Madre en Sta. Bárbara

Dear Wab: Usually I ask readers to chop down their preguntas as much as possible — we can't regulate our borders, but we can sure as hell protect against run-on sentences — but yours was an eloquent enough rant to sneak in, and it raises many interesante points. As a court interpreter, you know the difference between legal and colloquial English, so I suggest you treat Spanish the same. Besides, what kind of a boring world would we live in if proper language governed how we spoke? That's right: France. And of course Latinos should learn English; remember, it's the bilinguals who'll rule the world and the monolinguals who'll get left behind. Just look at what's happening to gabachos in our global economy...

 
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dbuck12
dbuck12

The translator's plangent query represents the prescriptive side of the descriptive/prescriptive language divide. Is correct Spanish (or any language, for that matter) what the Academia says or is it the way people speak?

Regardless, Spanish varies from country to country (just as English does), and certainly the Spanish spoken in the US is greatly influenced by English (as the translator has discovered), just as the Spanish spoken in Spain was greatly influenced by the Arabic, the Spanish in Argentina by Italian, the Spanish in Peruvian highlands by Quechua and Aymara, and so on.

If tiquete is the commonly understood word for ticket in Santa Barbara, CA, then that is the correct word. In other places it's boleto de transito, multa, and God knows what else.

Dan

Memovolta
Memovolta

Althought I agree with most of this rant, Corte and Felonia are proper Spanish words accepted and defined in the the Real Cademia de la Lengua EspaƱola.

 
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