By Bree Davies
By Emerald O'Brien
By Gina Tron
By Jon Solomon
By Drew Ailes
By Courtney Harrell
By Kyra Scrimgeour
Are the Astronauts Colorado's first great jam band? G. Brown thinks so. Although the often pejorative term has been associated more with the genre-bending improv scene, Brown, director and curator of the Colorado Music Hall of Fame, thinks it fits. In an era when bands would go out, play their hit singles note for note, take a bow and get off the stage, the Astronauts would just go on for a while, improvising.
A homegrown Boulder band (four out of five of its members went to Boulder High School), the Astronauts were tapped by RCA Records, which was looking for a band to compete with the Beach Boys. Although they started off playing R&B and rock-and-roll hits of the day, they agreed to play surf music, despite the fact that none of the members had ever surfed and they all lived about a thousand miles from the closest ocean. During the band's heyday, in the mid-'60s, the Astronauts — who are being inducted into the Colorado Music Hall of Fame this weekend, along with Flash Cadillac, Sugarloaf and KIMN — were actually bigger in Japan than the Beach Boys.
"They had no idea they were selling millions of records over there until the check came in the mail," says Brown. "Then they ended up and going over and doing two tours where they were treated like the Beatles, with fifty-foot-high billboards erected in their honor. There was a mob scene at the airport, and then they come back here and play Tulagi's."
It was at that same storied Boulder club that Brown and Chuck Morris, the Colorado Music Hall of Fame's chairman, first met, in the early '70s. Brown was a freshman at the University of Colorado, and Morris was booking at the venue. Morris, of course, went on to a long career in the concert business, including stints at Feyline, Live Nation and AEG Live Rocky Mountains, where he is currently the president and CEO. Brown, meanwhile, chose a path in the media, first as a writer — he was a music critic for the Denver Post for 26 years — then as a radio personality on the now-defunct KCUV, and later as an author, penning the book Colorado Rocks! — A Half Century of Music in Colorado in 2004.
"All those decades, we talked about a need for a Colorado Music Hall of Fame," Brown points out. "We were just kind of stymied in that we really didn't have a place to put it. And when AEG Live took over the Broomfield Event Center and turned it from a sports arena into a concert venue [now 1STBANK Center], Chuck took the ball and ran with it. We had a place to finally headquarter the thing."
Last year on Earth Day, the pair helped launch the Colorado Music Hall of Fame as a nonprofit benefiting the University of Colorado's music school, with an induction ceremony that paid tribute to the Hall's first inductees, Red Rocks Amphitheatre and one of the state's most celebrated exports: John Denver. The ceremony, which was held at 1STBANK Center, included a concert with appearances from the late singer's family and former bandmates, plus performances by Olivia Newton-John, Lee Ann Womack, the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Michael Martin Murphey, Richie Furay, John Oates and others.
The next ceremony centered on the induction of legendary promoter Barry Fey and Denver Folklore Center founder Harry Tuft. That ceremony, which took place this past February on the University of Colorado campus, at the Stadium Club at Folsom Field, attracted an array of local luminaries, including Otis Taylor, the members of Firefall, Chris Daniels, John Magnie of the Subdudes, Dick Weissman, Nick Forster and Kenny Passarelli. Instead of inducting annual classes, going forward the Hall's plan is to induct peer groups. This month's group of inductees includes the Astronauts, Flash Cadillac, Sugarloaf and KIMN Radio, all of which are near and dear to Brown. "Those bands are the ones that started our rock scene back in the day," he says, "playing clubs and things like that. They were the first bands of the rock era to have a national presence out of Colorado."
Flash Cadillac formed in the late '60s as an antidote to the serious, progressive, psychedelic hippie rock of the time, says Brown. The guys, who were students at CU, greased their hair back, put on shades and started playing '50s rock and roll, and word spread quickly. Their shows were the biggest thing in Boulder in 1969 — but part of the reason was that people were prone to getting naked at them. The band's original drummer hatched a bunch of group-participation bits like the Skin to Win contest, where the band would give away strange prizes. "After a week or two of that," Brown recalls, "everyone knew it was skin to win, and everyone just got naked in the beginning. They're playing in front of a room of naked people."
Aside from being one of the state's great party bands, Flash Cadillac also held the distinction of being the first band without a record deal to appear on Dick Clark's American Bandstand. But the notoriety didn't end there: The group also played the sock-hop band Herbie & the Heartbreakers in the George Lucas film American Graffiti and had three songs on the soundtrack, as well as an appearance in Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now. And the Happy Days episode "Fish and the Fins," Brown reveals, was written especially for Flash Cadillac.
Sugarloaf, originally named Chocolate Hair, formed at a time when supergroups like Crosby, Stills and Nash were coming together from other groups. Brown says Sugarloaf was kind of the cream of all the Colorado bands in 1969 and included members from the Moonrakers and the Soul Survivors. The band recorded a seven-song demo and got signed to Liberty Records, which wanted to use the demo as its debut. The group insisted on doing one more song, which was "Green Eyed Lady," named after keyboardist Jerry Corbetta's girlfriend; that song wound up going to number three on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1970.
Although "Green Eyed Lady" continues to endure, Sugarloaf's "Don't Call Us We'll Call You" resulted from Corbetta's trying to regain a recording deal but getting shut down. There's the sound of a touchtone phone in the song dialing a couple of numbers — CBS Records and the general White House line. According to Brown, kids would record the touchtone, play it back over the phone and get connected to either place. Ironically, the song became a top-ten hit for the band.
The final inductee this time around is KIMN, a Top 40 AM radio giant back in the '60s. What made the station special was that it played local acts like the Astronauts and the Moonrakers alongside the Beatles and Rolling Stones. "You could go down the street and not stop listening to it," Brown recalls, "because it was coming out of every car radio and every shop, every transistor radio that kids were carrying around with them. I mean, it was just ubiquitous."
If only the same sort of inescapability applied to the thieves who made off with some of the Hall's exhibits a few weeks ago. While some of the displays were being constructed for this week's ceremony, burglars broke into the Adams County warehouse where the exhibits were being put together and made off with some of the artifacts, including a signature Fender Stratocaster belonging to Flash Cadillac's Sam McFadin, a gold record belonging to Warren Knight that the band earned for the American Graffiti soundtrack, and a leather jacket and shark mask that belonged to Linn "Spike" Phillips III, also of Flash Cadillac.
None of the items have been returned, but the Adams County Sheriff's Department apparently has some good leads. "It was a dagger in my heart that items that people had entrusted to us are no longer in our possession," Brown says. "It was so random. The guy who stole them doesn't even know what he has."
Looking toward the Hall's future, Brown says they hope to have another induction event in the first quarter of next year for Dan Fogelberg, Joe Walsh & Barnstorm and Caribou Ranch. Brown and Morris will fly to Maine to go to the home of Dan Fogelberg's widow to look through the singer's possessions. Brown hopes that within the next few years, the Hall can do a modern-roots induction event with Hot Rize, Yonder Mountain String Band, Leftover Salmon and String Cheese Incident, as well as a jazz-themed induction with Glenn Miller, Paul Whiteman and Max Morath, and a folk induction group headed up by Judy Collins.
"We're just trying to build it in what I call baby steps," Brown concludes. "If we had a corporate sponsor to build a hall of fame proper, in its entirety, that would be one thing. In lieu of that, we are just doing induction events, and the takeaway is that we have beautiful exhibits honoring these people, and hopefully after we have a couple of years' worth of these things, we'll have enough collectively that's it's really something impressive."