The 1994 Heisman Trophy won by CU Boulder running back Rashaan Salaam, who killed himself in a Boulder park circa December 2016, has been sold at auction for $399,608.40. This total is reportedly the most ever for a Heisman, topping the cash paid for O.J. Simpson's, among others. A likely reason for the high price was its now-former owner's pledge to donate a significant portion of the windfall to research of CTE, a brain disease common among NFL players from which Salaam himself may have suffered.
In our original item about the auction, included below in its entirely, we noted that Salaam's brain was never tested for CTE, or chronic traumatic encephalopathy, for religious reasons. But shortly after Salaam took his life, his brother, Jabali Alaji, said Rashaan had exhibited symptoms of the disease.
In its introduction to the sale, SCP Auctions, which shopped the trophy online over a thirteen-day period that ended on Saturday, January 20, mostly avoided talking about the tough times Salaam went through after earning the award. But the firm noted that Salaam peddled the trophy to a sports-memorabilia dealer in 2014. The person in question then resold it to a collector that same year.
Salaam acknowledged the trophy's sale in a letter that appears on the site and attests to its authenticity:
The trophy eventually wound up in the possession of Tyler Tsdal, who's described by SCP Auctions as a "Denver-based real estate and private equity investor and longtime sports collector."
Tysdal pledged to donate all net proceeds from the sale to the National Institutes of Health "to support research on athletes' medical conditions, which includes brain injuries and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)."
He's quoted as saying, "A gifted football player won this trophy. We wanted to honor him by utilizing it to benefit other players who need help. It’s our hope that people will be inspired to donate to CTE research so we can identify and treat those athletes already suffering from brain injuries and prevent these injuries in the future."
Predictions that the trophy might garner in excess of $300,000 proved accurate. SCP Auctions' sale page points out that the tag was originally set at $45,000 and attracted 24 bids before topping out just shy of $400,000. According to ESPN, that bests the previous record of $395,240 paid for the Heisman won by Bruce P. Smith in 1941. Other hefty prices were given up for Charles White's 1979 trophy ($184,000 in 2000), Paul Hornung's 1956 prize ($250,000, also in 2000); and O.J. Simpson's 1968 statue ($255,000 in 1999).
Continue for our previous coverage.
Original post: On January 8, bidding begins on the 1994 Heisman Trophy awarded to the late CU Boulder star Rashaan Salaam, who killed himself in a Boulder park circa December 2016. Salaam's brain wasn't tested for signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, a brain disease associated with former football players, some of whom have met tragic ends, because of religious reasons. However, a portion of the trophy sale's proceeds is being set aside for CTE research.
As we've reported, CTE is defined as a "progressive degenerative disease of the brain found in people with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including symptomatic concussions." In 2015, Frontline reported that a staggering 96 percent of former NFL players whose autopsy results were examined in a Department of Veterans Affairs/Boston University study showed signs of CTE — and Salaam played in the league for four years after leaving CU, beginning with the Chicago Bears. Moreover, numerous players with CTE have committed suicide — most famously, San Diego Chargers superstar Junior Seau.
Among other possible factors in Salaam's final act were his disappointing professional career and difficult after-sports life — one marked by financial troubles so severe that he actually auctioned off his Heisman Trophy ring in 2011.
The price paid: $9,768.
In addition, Salaam is said to have sold the trophy itself to a sports memorabilia business for an undisclosed price in 2013. The current owner, who obtained the trophy through that dealer, is the one putting the trophy up for auction.
Salaam left CU following his Heisman win, which took place in 1994, when he was a junior — and he had a fairly noteworthy first season for the Bears, setting a rookie record by gaining 1,074 yards. He also scored ten touchdowns.
But things went downhill from there, and in a 2014 profile by the Chicago Tribune, Salaam took personal responsibility.
"I didn't realize coming up how much work you had to put in once you got to the NFL," he told the paper. "It's a whole different lifestyle. You have to change the way you live. You have to change who you hang out with. You have to totally get focused on your game. You have the athletic ability, but if you don't put the work behind it, nothing will come from it."
He also admitted that his constant partying and use of marijuana contributed to his poor performances. "I had no discipline. I had all the talent in the world," he said. "You know, great body, great genes. But I had no work ethic and I had no discipline. The better you get, the harder you have to work. The better I got, the lazier I got."
In his view, "My whole life, up until the Chicago Bears...everything was perfect. You know, (high school) Parade All-American, Heisman Trophy winner.... So I was bound to go through some challenges. Going to the pros at twenty years old and not being disciplined...it showed itself."
Indeed it did. An account of his career notes that Salaam washed out with the Bears, played a single game with the Cleveland Browns and failed to catch on with the Oakland Raiders, San Francisco 49ers and Detroit Lions. He briefly played in the XFL, a rival pro league, and signed in 2004 with the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League. Just three months later, he was suspended, and no more on-field opportunities presented themselves afterward.
In the years that followed, Salaam got involved with a mixed-martial-arts venture called Art of War; he sold his ring in a failed effort to keep the enterprise aloft. From there, he started the Denver-based Rashaan Salaam S.P.I.N. Foundation. On the now-defunct organization's website, Salaam described it like so:
The goal of my foundation is to assist local children toward success. Throughout my life, I have found ethics, leadership and goal setting to be lacking in today’s education system. I would like to help kids, on their way to adulthood, make the right choices for their individual futures.
Life can present many obstacles and difficult decisions at any age, but especially as a young person. I would like to be the guide for our youth, to help them make the critical decisions that will affect their entire lives.
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The funds raised by my foundation this year will be allocated to programs to help young athletes and children at a crossroad. Eventually, I would also like to provide scholarship funds and expand to help as many as is possible.
I appreciate any and all of your support for my foundation as I work toward impacting the youth of Colorado.
Salaam's Facebook page didn't give any indication of depression prior to his death. Indeed, his final post, shared on November 27, was a video of Whitney Houston, Luther Vandross, Dionne Warwick and Stevie Wonder singing "That's What Friends Are For." He noted that he was "feeling joyful" and added the caption "Keep smiling."
Bidding for Salaam's Heisman continues through January 20, and organizers think it could go for as much as $300,000.