The savings of the poor are made little by little; they come out of that broken, fragmentary condition of humanity to helpfulness and self-respect. -- Reverend Oscar McCullough, 1890
Denver City Council was packed Monday night, overflowing with supporters of the city's 10-Year Plan to End Homelessness, a proposal that could sound like so much squishy liberalism -- except that George W. Bush himself issued a call in 2003 for cities to devise ways to eradicate homelessness within the decade. And after many long, heartfelt speeches by people one step up from the streets, people one step away from the streets, people still on the streets, councilmembers took the first steps to make that plan reality, amending the Human Services chapter of the Denver Comprehensive Plan 2000 to incorporate its goals and also changing zoning-code regulations to allow more flexibility for shelters, particularly temporary shelters. Next month, council will vote on the entire plan.
The biggest obstacle to its passage lurked outside the City & County Building Monday night, just as it lurks there every night and day.
Denver City Council
As politicians and service providers try to come to grips with the needs of the homeless, the numbers of homeless, it's hard to avoid a certain strata of the homeless -- the hard-core street people who would have been called "bums" a few decades ago (and in the interest of clarity, perhaps still should be), called the "unworthy poor" a century ago. Those who weren't flying their much-used signs -- "any bit helps," "homeless and boneless" -- along Civic Center Park were lying around inside the park. And all along 15th Street, up and down the 16th Street Mall, knots of these folks were putting the arm on visiting conventioneers and irritating city boosters who worried about how that would look on Monday Night Football.
While this layer will be the toughest to eradicate (although the plan does call for monitoring of the "chronic homeless," and treatment when possible), it's also the most obvious, obscuring other levels of homeless who are desperate -- and desperately interested -- in the services the plan would provide.
And now another layer overshadows that group, the worthiest of what could be called the "worthy poor." These are the evacuees, the victims of Hurricane Katrina who -- no matter what their homes were like back in Louisiana -- now find themselves in the top ranks of the homeless here in Denver.
Local social service agencies try hard to sound chipper as donations keep flowing to hurricane relief efforts, while money available to other good works -- including the campaign that will help fund the city's 10-Year Plan -- could dry up. The Mile High Chapter of the American Red Cross now estimates that the money collected here for hurricane relief has topped $7 million. The first year of the city's homelessness plan is budgeted at $7.7 million: Half of that is to come from federal and state grants, but the city is looking to the private sector for the rest. "We'd like to see the same sense of urgency applied to the needs of our local homeless," says Sue Cobb, spokeswoman for the Denver Department of Human Services.
But while Katrina could hurt Denver's plan in the short-term, it should help in the long run. Because many of the services being offered the evacuees -- one-on-one counseling, job-placement assistance, temporary housing (up to eighteen months, HUD announced today) -- are exactly what's being proposed for this city's homeless. If Denver can offer shelter from the storm to evacuees, can it do any less for homegrown homeless who've weathered their own calamities?
"Folks in the Katrina situation became homeless through no fault of their own," says former councilwoman Debbie Ortega, who now heads the Mayor's Commission to End Homelessness. "That's a similarity with many homeless here."
The plan's critics look at the unworthy poor -- the addicts on the streets who've chosen not to get clean, the panhandlers who'd rather fly a sign than get a job -- and worry that the $7 million will be wasted. The service providers think about the cost of not trying to help, the price of hospital beds and detox centers. And then they look at the homeless men, women and children who just need the right hand up to get back up.
It's worked here before.
Look up "philanthropy" on the Internet, and you discover that charity began at home. This home. In 1887, six Denverites -- a woman and five clergymen, including McCullough -- formed the Charity Organizations Society, a group that took up where individual philanthropists left off, setting up a coordinated effort to meet the needs of many. That first year, the society provided emergency assistance in 529 cases and helped other charities with another 2,500. Ultimately, it grew into Mile High United Way -- and its practices were exported across the country.
"What we're doing now is an extension of what we were doing then," says Caryn Gracey Jones, who began researching Mile High's history when she became communications manager in January. "One of the reasons it was founded was because there was a need to help the people arriving in Colorado with nothing. Now here we are again."
Jones arrived at Mile High just in time to help with the point-in-time study, an annual count of the metro area's homeless that this year put the count -- once all those layers were added in -- at around 10,000. While she was at the Brandon Center, a local shelter, one woman asked if she was homeless. "I said no, but I know how lucky I am," Jones says. She'd been downsized, then was out of a job for a year, and without a family to rely on, she could have been one of those people speaking before council Monday night. "A lot of people in that situation don't have anyone who can help them out," she says.
You Must Memorialize This
The living are not the only ones competing with Katrina's victims. As each disaster hits -- 9/11, the tsunami, now the hurricanes -- plans for the Columbine Memorial are scaled back. Initially, the Foothills Park and Recreation District hoped to have a monument in place in Clement Park by mid-2001, less than two years after the worst school shooting in this country's history. But the families of the victims asked the district to put the project on hold while another memorial -- the creation of an atrium where the school's library had been -- was completed.
So it wasn't until April 2003 that the 28-member Columbine Memorial Committee came up with a design -- a reflective monument in a grove of trees -- that worked for everyone. After 9/11, though, fundraising had lagged, and although former president Bill Clinton delivered on his promise to help, the project was still far short of its $3 million goal -- and nowhere close to being completed by April 20, 2004, the fifth anniversary of the shootings.
Then, after the sixth anniversary came and went without a memorial, the committee "took a look at it from both the fundraising side and the cost estimate side," explains Bob Easton, director of the Foothills district. "Through a meeting held with the families, we reduced the construction cost from $2.5 million to $1.5 million." Expensive staircases to the top of the hill were eliminated, as was a substantial water feature, but "we essentially preserved the core area, the ring of remembrance," he says. That's where writings chosen by the families and dedicated to the victims will be inscribed.
The committee has about a million of the $1.5 million needed for this scaled-back version -- a third in cash and pledges, a third in in-kind service donations, and $330,000 from the Hope Fund that financed the library-rebuilding effort. Right after Labor Day, it planned to announce a new campaign to raise the rest of the money, reaching out nationwide for 25,000 donations of $20 each.
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And then Katrina hit.
"It's certainly created challenges for us," Easton admits. The committee decided to postpone announcing its new fundraising effort (donations can be made at www.columbinememorial.org) and spring groundbreaking goal until mid-October, "and then hopefully we'll be off and on our way," Easton says. "We're about $500,000 short, but back in May we were about $1.5 million short."
And if another disaster should strike? "Even if we're not successful with the additional $500,000, the intent is to move forward with the million dollars that we do have," he replies, "although we'd certainly like to implement the full plan."
But you know what they say about the best-laid plans...