Just under 15 percent of commercial marijuana flower, trim and shake batches tested for microbials failed last year, according to an annual report from the Colorado Marijuana Enforcement Division.
A growing problem for legal weed over the past several years, marijuana containing mold and yeast has supplanted banned pesticides — which were found on under 2 percent of tested marijuana in 2019 — as a dispensary shopper's main cause for concern. After a microbial failure rate of about 10 percent in 2017, that figure jumped to about 15 percent for Colorado cannabis in 2018, and decreased just slightly last year.
If a marijuana sample fails contaminant testing, the entire batch is put under quarantine, after which it is either retested (which can lead to more failures, the MED notes), remediated for extraction or destroyed. However, preliminary results of an assessment of inventories at Denver dispensaries by the Department of Public Health and Environment show that mold and yeast can still appear on marijuana plant matter after a successful test.
Marijuana concentrates tested at a much safer rate, with over 98 percent of samples passing microbial testing and almost 95 percent passing residual solvent testing in 2019.
For example, there were over 1,000 active marijuana growing licenses in Colorado in 2019. Those enterprises harvested over 3.1 million plants during the year, which eventually turned into nearly 1.4 million pounds of usable weed, according to the MED. Denver was responsible for the bulk share, pumping out around half of the state's pot last year.
The MED report also shows that marijuana users are buying less regular weed (flower, shake and trim) and more concentrates and edibles. Sales volumes for concentrates and edibles from 2018 to 2019 increased 32 percent and 11 percent, respectively, while flower sales dropped almost 20 percent.
Update: This post was update to reflect contextual information about the MED's retesting process for microbials, which can result in multiple tests on the same batch of marijuana.