According to Anna Holland Edwards of Denver-based Holland, Holland Edwards & Grossman, P.C., who represents Tanner in conjunction with co-counsel Matt Laird of Denver's Thomas, Keel & Laird, LLC, this outcome was wholly unnecessary. "If they hadn't been playing a reckless wait-and-see game with him, he would have gotten the antibiotics he needed and would have been fine," Holland Edwards says. "Instead, he lost most of his fingers and toes." The filing includes graphic photos showing his hands and feet (below).
The lawsuit lists seven CDOC employees as defendants: Zachary A. Campbell, Jill M. Mannon, Alla Shkoknik, Dora Molina, Elena Flores, Randolph Maul and Tina Culleyford. All of them are characterized as being "responsible for providing medical care to Plaintiff during his detention." Maul is a doctor, while Molina is a registered nurse.
Tanner has a history of mainly minor criminal offenses, including theft, that Holland Edwards connects to his being hooked on heroin. Because of his addiction and short sentence (only a few months in length), he was sent to the Denver Diagnostic and Reception Center in January 2020 so that he could receive drug treatment while serving his time.
That March, however, Tanner "became sick," Holland Edwards says. "He developed a fever and felt like he had the flu. He ran a 105-degree fever, and he had a series of super-alarming vital signs, including very low oxygenation levels."
The timing of Tanner's symptoms happened to correspond with the first spread of COVID-19 in Colorado — a major complicating factor. "It's a new backdrop for an old problem," Holland Edwards says. "For a long time, the prison systems and the jail systems have been willing to take absurd risks with incarcerated people's health. Sometimes they do it because they think they're faking, or they're afraid of the individual. And now, all of a sudden, there's this infectious component."
As a result, Holland Edwards continues, Tanner "was left in his cell with his cellmate. There was a reluctance by the medical professionals to go in there, but Chris was also accused of using drugs or doing something else to cause his symptoms. In the meantime, he was lying on the floor, vomiting, and he was left with an IV bag that he was told to hold himself. His cellmate kept pressing for it to be treated like a medical emergency, but the doctors wouldn't come."
This outcome has been catastrophic for Tanner, Holland Edwards says: "This is a person who was fighting back from his addiction. He needed to serve his time and get out so that he could get on with the rest of his life. But now he's dealing with a whole new reality. He has balance issues, he has no digits to speak of, and he's been thrown into a hole that's going to take him his whole life to try to climb out of. And none of the charges against him rose to the level where we should have cut off his hands and his feet."
Asked about the lawsuit, Colorado Department of Corrections public-information officer Annie Skinner responded: "We do not comment on ongoing litigation."
Click to read Christopher Tanner v. Zachary A. Campbell, et al.