So much feeling was apparently taken away that the ancient physician Haoua-t'ouo gave a dose of the mixture to a patient who became "as though he were deprived of life." The stuff was so strong that Haoua-t'ouo was apparently able to amputate limbs.So what was this crazy mixture? Some crazy Chinese herb? Juice of an unknown plant? Nope. Just some pot and booze. According to The Science of Marijuana, an academic tome by Leslie Iversen in 2000, the "yao" part of the mixture was simply wine, even if the recipe for the mixture goes back to the Chinese god Shen Nung.
As for "ma," Iversen maintains that it's a Chinese pun for "chaotic," used in reference to the "stupefying and hallucinogenic" properties of the plant:But hey, in 1923, an "ancient anesthetic" with a wild-sounding name allegedly as strong as chloroform was much, much scarier -- or at least print-worthy.