Denver's Park Policy on Trial in Golf Course Case

The stormwater project would close City Park Golf Course for two years and remove around 250 mature trees, with smaller trees — many planted elsewhere — slated to replace them.
The stormwater project would close City Park Golf Course for two years and remove around 250 mature trees, with smaller trees — many planted elsewhere — slated to replace them.
City of Denver Golf
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It's not easy to prove that Mayor Michael Hancock and his minions are violating the Denver City Charter in their pursuit of a $300 million stormwater diversion project, but opponents of the controversial project have managed to keep things interesting in Denver District Court this week. After two days of testimony, Judge David Goldberg rejected the city's motion for a directed verdict in a lawsuit challenging the plan to use City Park Golf Course as a "detention area" for storm runoff — meaning that Hancock's administration is going to have put on a defense in the case.

At issue is the Platte to Park Hill Stormwater Systems program, which city engineers say is needed to protect northeast Denver neighborhoods from flooding during a hundred-year storm event. But opponents contend that the primary beneficiary of the improvements is the I-70 expansion through east Denver planned by the Colorado Department of Transportation, which is helping to fund the drainage work. The project also offers flood relief for industrial areas flanking the highway and targeted for future development, as well as for one of Mayor Hancock’s legacy projects: a billion-dollar makeover of the National Western Complex.

Neighborhood groups have objected to several components of the project, including a fifteen-block open channel to be dug through a Superfund site in the Cole neighborhood and an expanded outfall at Globeville Landing. The lawsuit, brought by several citizen plaintiffs, deals specifically with the impact on the golf course, which would be closed for two years and lose hundreds of trees as it's "reconfigured" to accommodate storm runoff. The suit contends that the project would convert park land to non-park uses, in violation of the city charter.

City officials have tried to portray the dispute as much kvetching over little. The golf course will still be a golf course when it reopens, they point out, and the charter doesn't preclude a park serving more than one purpose. But the citizens argue that the impacts on the tree canopy, on bird habitat, on the historic design of the course, its views and character will be so severe — all in the service of a highway project — that it raises fundamental questions about the priorities of the city's leadership.

That theme was sounded again and again in the examination on August 22 of Allegra "Happy" Haynes — former Denver City Council member, current school board member, Hancock loyalist, deputy mayor and current manager of Denver Parks and Recreation. Under somewhat tense questioning by plaintiffs' attorney Aaron Goldhamer, Haynes seemed to have less than an ideal grasp of how many trees would be lost, key details of the new design, what opinions the DPR citizens' advisory board (which she didn't consult) might have about the project, or even the current usage of the course (more than 50,000 rounds of golf a year), which is one of the few golf facilities nationwide to be found in the heart of an urban area the size of Denver. And, yes, she conceded, helping a highway get built isn't a park purpose.

Haynes admitted to Goldhamer that she has referred to herself as the city's "tree-hugger in chief." Goldhamer then pointed out that the requirements for tree replacement in the project had been altered recently, dropping the minimum diameter for shade trees from three inches to two, and for ornamental trees from two inches to one. And those skinny saplings, a poor substitute for towering cottonwoods, will only replace about 40 percent of the tree canopy that's being lost; the rest of the replacement will be in the neighborhood somewhere, Haynes agreed.

"I guess it's a lot easier to hug a tree if it's only an inch in caliber, isn't it?" Goldhamer quipped.

"Very funny," Haynes snapped.

The exchange wasn't all that funny, but it underscored the larger legal issue looming over the case. Denver has a long history of mayors committed to enhancing the city's green places, from Speer to Webb. The Hancock administration has tried to present itself as greener than a certain jolly giant, but its record on park preservation has been miserable; as far as park defenders are concerned, Hizzoner has treated some of Denver's prized open spaces as little more than cheap land available for development schemes, dating back to the Hentzell Park land swap (which another Denver judge described as the work of "a less than transparent City administration") and the City Loop fiasco, to the Overland Golf Course concert flap and the current stormwater project, which has also led to the bulldozing and eventual "reconfiguring" of Globeville Landing Park.

Just when does a park stop being a park? That is something Judge Goldberg is going to have to figure out after the trial concludes this week.

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